New York State Historic Markers

There are four NYS markers located along the roadsides of Patterson. The locator map at the end off the page is keyed to the numbers on the chart.


Settler's Revolt (1) "At log church here, in 1766 militia fought squatters on Philipse Patent, routed them and imprisoned Pendergrast, the leader and 50 others."

on NYS Route 292 near Mooney Hill Road in West Patterson

William Pendergrast was one of the tenants of the "Gore" section of the Philipse Patent, and occupied a farm via a perpetual lease. He was 39-years-old, married, with 6 children. An anti-rent rebellion took place in July 1766, with Pendergrast as the movement's leader. A group of about 30 tenants on their way to meet Pendergrast encountered a group of soldiers under the command of Major Brown, and a skirmish ensued. Two soldiers were wounded, and the tenants scattered. Many surrendered the next day, and others were captured. Pendergrast was convicted of high treason and sentenced to death, but he received a pardon from the King in December 1766. Other rioters were fined or imprisoned, but most were released after promising to behave in the future.

Local historians believe that it was British troops, not a militia, that were sent to fight the settlers. They also question the use of the word "squatters" because the legal claim to the land by the Philipses was questionable.

Ludington Graves (2)


"Here are buried Colonel Henry Ludington, of the Dutchess County Militia and his daughter Sibyl, who rode to call them."

on NYS Route 311 at the Maple Ave. Cemetery in the Hamlet of Patterson

The Ludingtons lived in nearby Kent, near the Patterson border. The graves of Colonel Henry Ludington, his daughter Sybil (spelled Sibbell on her headstone), and Sybil's husband, attorney Edmond Ogden, are all located in the old joint burial ground of the Patterson Presbyterian Church and Christ Episcopal Church.

Putnam County (3)


"Named for General Israel Putnam, commander of American forces in the Hudson Highlands during the American Revolution."

on NYS Route 22 at the Dutchess-Putnam County border

Many counties and municipalities across the U.S. are named for Israel Putnam. In a young nation with few genuine heroes, Putnam became a folk legend. Putnam was born in Massachussetts in 1718, but spent most of his life living in Connecticut as a farmer. He had fought in the French and Indian War, where he was captured by Indians and almost burned alive while tied to a tree. But it was in the Battle of Bunker Hill, part of the Siege of Boston in June 1775, that Putnam demonstrated his personal courage and charismatic leadership. Although technically a victory for the British troops, Putnam and his militia inflicted heavy casualties. It was in this battle that Putnam uttered his now famous words, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes." In recognition of his leadership, Congress appointed Putnam one of the original commanders of the Continental Army. Putnam had temporary command of the Army in Long Island after Washington moved it to New York. Although highly regarded in the early days of the War of Independence, many in Congress, and even Washington himself, eventually concluded that Putnam was incapable of commanding complex campaigns. He was reduced to recruiting and minor commands in Connecticut. A paralyzing stroke forced his retirement in 1779, and he died in Connecticut in 1790.

Cole's Corners (4)


"Here Col. Henry Ludington turned east with his men April 27, 1777, marching toward Danbury, Connecticut to repel British raiders.

on NYS Route 22 about 1 mile north of Haines Corners, near Haviland Hollow Rd.

Henry Ludington was a local farmer who commanded the 7th Regiment of the Dutchess County Militia during the Revolutionary War. In April 1777, 2000 British soldiers under the command of General William Tyron invaded Connecticut from Long Island Sound. The British plan was to burn Danbury, which had been an important supply site for the Continental Army, and then continue west to Westchester and Dutchess Counties to secure access to the Hudson River. At the time, Putnam County was part of Dutchess. Col. Ludington's daughter, Sybil, summoned her father's militia, which set off for Danbury. They were too late to save the town but were able to drive the British back to their ships. Col. Ludington assisted in the defense of other Hudson Valley towns, including Peekskill, and fought under Washington in the battle of White Plains. After the war, Henry Ludington served as a justice of the peace, deputy sheriff and state assemblyman.